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SUCHUNA or Rodadero


To the north of Chuquipampa we find Suchuna. It is a geologic formation similar to a hill with some waviness forming ruts parallel to the rocks. Nowadays, children use it as it was a slide. Inca Garcilazo says that he also played here when he was a child.

At the top there is the famous "Inca Throne" or k'usillup hink'inan (jump of the monkey). The name is really curious, as it is a stone carving in the shape of the two rows of steps. From the highest part we see the entire esplanade making us realize it was an excellent place for the royal seat and at the same time an altar.

In Rodadero we also find terraces, tunnels, tombs and stairs carved in stone. Recent works have revealed a spring that provided water to a round puddle from where a complex net of canals started.

There is no doubt that Suchuna was a very important religious place as Guamancancha, temple of the fourth ceque of the Chinchaysuyo, was located there. It should have been two small rooms from where they observe the remains to the east side of the slide. These rooms had been used by the young noble who fasted to participate in the huarachico. In this celebration there was a rite where they had their ears pierced.




SABACURINCA


Big astronomic observatories
In Cusco there was two big astronomic observatories: One in Cachimayo from where they observed the position of the Sun at the sunrise, and the other in Sabacurinca where they admired the sunset. Then they could determinate the date of the solstices, equinoxes and the pass of the Sun by the meridian of Cusco accurately.

It was a seat located in the side going down towards the Saphi river. From this point, they observed the sunset accurately among four towers found at the top of the hill Picchu. These groups of four towers, two high at the extremes and two small in the middle, were known with the generic name of Sucancas. According to the chronicler Cobo, the Sucancas that were used to observe the sunset were: Chinchicalla (on the same hill of Picchu) indicate the summer solstices and the celebration was the Capac Raymi. Quincalla, 800 meter far from there, indicated the winter solstices that celebrate the Inti Raymi. Sucanca, at the centre, indicated the equinoxes and the meridian of Cusco.
This happens only in two opportunities: February 14th and October 29th when the two columns do not offer shade at midday.




TIPON


It is a National Archaeological Park located to the east of the city of Cusco. It covers a territory of about 2200 acres. It is found in the district of Oropesa, province of Quispicanchis. To get to the main archaeological monument it is 5 km (3 miles). The road starts from the kilometer 18 (11.2 mile) of the road Cusco-Puno to the north and crossing the creek of the "Watanay".

Half kilometer out of the paved road we find the small town of Tipon. It is part of the village of Quispicanchis that used to be property of San Lorenzo de los Valles in (1650- 1802). Without doubt this was the most important monument of the colonial time but today it is completely abandoned.

The original name in Quechua is unknown. You can admire several royal rooms that according Victor Angles were built by the Inca Wiracocha as a house and shelter for his father Yawar Wakaq who returned after the war against the Chankas.

This group of village is at 3500 meters (11480 feet). Besides there is a big area to cultivate with walls built with stones perfectly carved. Even more impressive is the system of the irrigation that is still used in agriculture.

The advantage is the water captured in the spring season. The river is channelled by some carved stones that have been accurately calculated, they sometimes form falls almost vertical composing an excellent hydraulic engineering work. Some of the fountains must have ceremonial purposes. Due to its location and the existence of a round wall, Tipon must have been a very exclusive place interdependent to other sectors such as "Intiwatana" to the west, "Pukutuyoq", "Pukara", "Hatun Wayk'o", etc. To the southeast of this group, in the mountainous surface almost vertical, we find the cemetery named as "Pitopuqyo" that today has plundered tombs. In this place, there were big quantities of cultural remains; currently we can find many broken ceramic pieces.



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