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Following the small valley, along the way of salt works towards the northwest, you reach Pichingoto, a city located at the foot of the Qoriq'aqya Mountain in the Sacred Valley of the Incas.

It deals about a Quechua community, which name comes from pichinco (bird) and q'oto (goiter). It is said the inhabitants believed to be descended from birds.
 
 
Circuits Introduction
Maras
Moray
Pichingoto
From Cusco
to Urcos
From Urcos
to Racchi
Urcos - Puno
Pisac - Paucartambo
For this reason, until the first decades of the XX century, they lived in caves on the other side of the mountain and at a higher level reached through ropes and ladders. And, goiter or g'oto was the common disease among the inhabitants that ate untreated salt.

Its origin is not well known.

According to its inhabitants, the name of the town is not Pichingoto, but Pichigua. According to its traditions, the virgins and Spanish saints that had arrived in Cusco had met in Chequerec (belonging to Urubamba) and each of them had decided to go to the community of their choice. So, the Virgen de Belén decided to stay in Chequerec, San Francisco said he would go to Mara (Maras at present), the Virgen de las Mercedes went to Q'ajlla Rakay, the Virgen Asunta went to Ttio Panpa (Ttiobamba at present- It is panpa with N in Quechua language), San Juan de Dios went to the Urquillos valleys and the Virgen Natividad would have said, "I'll go to Pichigua to feed my little sons with P'escco Ch'akicha (this is a plant with very small fruits).

Some old settlers mention, in turn, their ancestors, who told them that in this town there was already a kind of caves supposedly occupied by people who kept the product of their work in agriculture. At present, those caves do exist and are built in the same rock. Some are located within the houses made of adobe and roof or corrugated iron recently built and are maintained in order to show them to visitors.

Some of them are located at places that are not so easily reached like the "Qory Q'ajlla" hill or Rendija or quebrada de oro (golden ravine). We should think that in the past people carried out their agriculture activities during the day, while it was clear, so they were almost never at home, just to prepare the food. That's why the Ch'ucllas or huts were next to the farming lands. In this case, the ch'ucllas were replaced by these small sites.

Its people are very kind with visitors. They are mainly farmers. They cultivate helped by the yoke or by the plow pulled by oxen. The participation of the people in town is like the Ayni" (ancient habit of mutual help). Another supplementary and economic activity is the salt extraction in some salterns located near the town.

Nowadays, its occupants have a minimum level of education; have a small catholic church and electricity within their houses. They celebrate their patron saint's day on June 24, the day of San Juan.

In Hilario Orué's house, a prominent neighbor, there is a picture of San Juan's image that may belong to the Cusco School. It has the peculiarity to be a representation of a Spanish saint with Indian garment holding a sheep on his left hand. People state that when you visit him for the first time, this saint appears in dreams to question on the visitor's intentions. It is very venerated.

On its day, the "Merienda" is prepared. This is a typical dish with pumpkin chili, "lizas" chilli or "ollucos" P'eska de quinua, roast guinea pig, corn omelet, "tullán" and tomato salad, onion, cucumber and beetroot. Other religious parties belong to the Virgen Natividad (September 8) and the Holy Trinity's Day that is celebrated some times in May and others in June since it is a movable feast.



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