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At 38 Km to the northwest of Cusco and 7 Km to the southwest of Maras, we find Moray, a town that can be reached by car through the trail that starts in the town. Moray is a Quechua word and names a territory occupied since time immemorial by the rural communities of Mullak´as and Misminay. It is said that the word Moray had something to do with the maize harvest called Aymoray or with May, that was also called Aymoray, and similarly with the dehydrated potato, which is Moraya o Moray.
 
 
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The archaeological group of Moray was recognized by the Shirppe Johnson's expedition in 1932 while it flew over the area. Cultivation terraces like concentric rings make up the circular units of Moray. Each circle comprises a terrace that overlaps the other, forming circles that get wider. You can go from one to the other climbing the prominent stones nailed down in the wall.

According to historian Edward Ranney, the Incas used the terraces of Moray, isolated from the big settlements, like a place for special agriculture, maybe to develop its most prized cultivation: the coca leaf.

John Earls states to have discovered vertical stones in the terraces, the same which would mark the limits of shadows at dusk during the equinoxes and the solstices. Local people call these stones "ņustas". Earls concludes that each terrace in Moray reproduces the climate conditions in the different ecological areas of the Inca Empire.

Due to its sheltered position, each of these cultivation terraces represent around a thousand meters of altitude in normal conditions of farming. The complex would have twenty or more miniature ecological areas in total. Moray could have also been useful for Inca officers to estimate the annual production in different parts of the huge Tahuantinsuyo.

It is even known that the Incas produced in Moray terraces 60% of vegetable species, three thousand varieties of potato, maize and many other species. In addition, it was an important center for domestication, acclimatization and hybridization of wild species that were adapted to the human consumption.

Moray is open to many scientific suspicions due to the lack of continuous serious researches in that regard. Structures found there are typically Incas, though some authors suggest they are recent. One of the enigmas is how they took advantage of water from drains that flow through the aqueducts. It is said that there must be underground courses built towards the bottom, which allow channeling the waters. It is also said it is over a very porous natural stone structure that fits out the water filtering towards the ground inside.

In September, hundreds of local people in the nearby communities go to the circular cultivation terraces in Moray to celebrate the Moray Raymi or the Sun's Party. The celebration includes folkloric dances related to the ground, the products and the agricultural and livestock activity.



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