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The original landscape had suffered some changes due to the presence of different cultures. In ancient times, pre-Columbian cultures respected each other and cohabited with the nature.

As a result from that ecological harmony arose significant native plants such as: ñucchu (oppositiflora de Salvia), ccaya-ccaya (nigrum de Solanum), oxtongue or llaque (cripus de Rumex), male plantain or kallo del waqa (hirtella de Plantago), minor nettle or quisa (urens de Urtica), ch'onka del yawar (rosea de Oenothera), ch'iri-ch'iri (boliviana de Grindela), cancer herb (bogotensis de Stachys), heartsease o wallwa (mexicana de Psoralea), q'eto-q'eto (spicatum de Gnaphalium), wild tobacco or qhamasayri (paniculata de Nicotiana), karko del supai (glauca de Nicotiana), dog spine or alkoquiska (spinosum de Xanthium), dandelion or pilli-pilli (officinale de Taraxacum), muña (spicata de Minthostachys), chicchipa (mandoni de Tagetes), verbena (litoralis de la Verbena), quiska del t'ankar (pseudolicioides de Solanum), llaulli (Barnadesia el horrida), kantu (buxifolia de Cantua) bush with red or yellow flowers considered as the Peruvian national flowers, marqhu (el peruviana de Ambrosía) which was (condesuflorus de Lupinus), p'aki del manca (sternbergianum de Eupatorium), rata-rata (arboretum de Abutilon), runto-runto (cuneiformis de Calceolaria), the angel trumpet or datura (arborea de Datura), the red angel trumpet (sanguinea de Datura), roq'e (spinosissima de Colletia), panti (peucedanifolius del Cosmos), the mountain ginger (iridiflora de Canna), achupalla (ferruginea de Pitcairnia), plant of the century or paqpa (Americana del Agave), thorny pear or tuna (Opuntia ficus indica), quiska del p'ata (exaltata de Opuntia), jawaq'ollay or giant cactus (cuzcoensis de Trichocereus), atoq-wakachi (tunicate de Opuntia), niwa (rudiuscula de Cortadería), ch'illca (polyanta de Baccharis), maych'a o arnica (pseudotites de Senecio), begonia or achankarai (sp de la Begonia), etc.

An some trees such as: chachacomo (resinosa de Escallonia), molle or false pepper (molle de Schinus), kiswar (longifolia de Buddleia or incana), qolle (coriácea de Buddleia), elder (peruviana de Sambucus), cereza del capuli (peruviana de Physalis), lloq'e (lanceolata de Kageneckia), tara (spinosa de Caesalpinia), huayruro (herrerae de Citharexylum), lambran (jorulensis de Alnus), cedar (herrerae de Cedrela), pisonay (falcate de Erythrina), weeping willow (humboldtiana de Salix), waranway (sambucifolia de Tecoma), q'euña (incana de Polylepis or racemosa), etc.
 
 
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Afterwards, during the Colony the inhabitants of the entire Valley slowly eliminated the bushes and trees so as to use them as firewood. Nowadays, the trees that dominate our valleys are the result from a combination of flora as the eucalyptus, imported from Australia in 1880, or the grass known as kikuyu (native grass from Eritrea and Abisinia, those were brought from Kenya and firstly planted in the Cusco Valley in 1928, it was imported with ornamental purposes and as pasture for cattle, it even grows in the high Andean mountains).



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