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SPANISH VERSION
CUSCO PERU


POLITICAL DIVISION

The department's province has the same name. It has 105 districts and 13 provinces: Acomayo, Anta, Calca, Canas, Canchis, La Convención, Cusco, Chumbivilcas, Espinar Paruro, Paucartambo, Quispicanchis and Urubamba; being the most inhabited Cusco, La Convención, Canchis, Quispicanchis and Chumbivilcas.


POPULATION

During the Tahuantinsuyo's apogee, the population must have amounted to 225,000- 300,000 inhabitants. After the Conquest, the population decreased significantly to 40,000 persons. By this Century, the population of the city of Cusco is estimated in 300,000 inhabitants, with an approximate annual growth of 4%.


LANGUAGE

There are two official languages in Peru: Spanish, which is spoken by 73% of the population; and Quechua or Runasimi, which is spoken by 24% of Peruvians. According to the specialists, Quechua has two variations: Huáihuash, which predominates over the central zone; and Huámpuy, which is spoken in the rest of the country. Most of the speakers of Quechua are bilingual and have Spanish as a second language. The same happens with the Aymaras, whose language is mainly restricted to the High Plateau. Besides, there are about 55 Amazonian languages in the country (asháninka, aguaruna and machiguengua, among others).


RELIGION

The official religion of Peru is the Roman Catholic, which is practiced by 80% of the population with a deep devotion and fervor. However, there is a freedom of worship and a well-defined religious syncretism that is mostly expressed in the Mountains and the Jungle, where people practice the Catholicism without leaving their traditional beliefs behind. Said beliefs are generally related to the earth or Pachamama and to natural phenomenon.

 
 
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Location - Borders - Height
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OROGRAPHY

The diversity as well as the sudden changes of background and ecosystems, which characterize the city of Cusco, are associated to the Andes Mountain Ranges and to the great amount of mountain systems included within it.

The Cusco Valley is located at the Mid-West part of the Andes, up to the area that is known as the "Vilcanota Knot". The mountains surrounding it mostly contain sedimentary stones, and a significant formation of limestone.

The most important mountains of Cusco, listed in the same direction as the clock hands are: Northern side Saqsaywaman, Pukamoqo, Socorro and Senqa (4400 m., 14432 feet) and La Fortaleza (4193 m., 13750 feet). To the East side we can find the Pikol (4482 m., 14700 feet) and Pachatusan (4842 m., 15880 feet). To the Southeast are located the Machu Loma, the mythological Wanakauri (4080 m., 133382 feet), Santa Ana; to the South we can find the Anawarque (4050 m., 13284 feet), Qachona, Choqo, Araja, Muyu-Orqo and Condoroma, which in the most internal part of the city is called Araway Qhata, where nowadays is located the sign "Viva el Perú" ("Long Life for Peru"); to the southwest are: Pukín, Waman Charpa and Mamá Simona (4300 m., 14105 feet). Dominating the western side are K'illki and Picchu (3820 m., 12530 feet).

These mountains are part of remarkable mountain chains, such as the Vilcanota Mountain Range, located at the east of the city, and the highest crest of the Ausangate at over 6372 m. (20905 feet), the Urubamba Mountain Range, located at the northwest with the Verónica at over 5682 m. (18641 feet), and the Vilcabamba Mountain Range, located at the west and the highest summit of Salkantay at 6271 m. (20574 feet).



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