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THE REBELLION OF MANCO INCA

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THE REBELLION OF
MANCO INCA


Manco Inca is one of the most admired figures of Cusco's history. His shrewdness and courage made of him an unforgettable figure. He surprisingly met Pizarro and proposed him an alliance in order to recover the prestige and authority the Huáscar's side had lost. A short time later, he realized he had no power at all, as before Francisco Pizarro's absence, Cusco was governed by his brother Hernando. Then, his attitude changed and due to his rebelled actions he was taken prisoner. Despite this, he could set a trap to the conquerors, and promised them to bring a life-size golden statue if they set him free. So, he escaped and from Vilcabamba organized a resistance, which lasted around forty years.
 
 
Historical Information Introduction
History of Cusco
Tahuantinsuyo
  - Incan Society
  - Background:
      * The Conquest
      * The Rebellion
        of Manco Inca
      * The XVIII
        Century
Incan Architecture
      * Stone
      * Adobe
Planification
Inca City Description
The Incan Center
In 1536, Manko Inca or Manko II started the war against the Spanish invaders according to our history, but, after 8 months of bloody war, he was defeated by the Spaniards and their allied tribes (the old Incas' enemies). The withdrawal was unavoidable, and Manko broke up its army so that the soldiers could take care of their families and could devote their time to agriculture.

The bloody war between the Incas and the Spaniards still continued. Manko was murdered in 1545 by Diego de Almagro (Pizarro's comrade who also took part in the conquest).

Manco had no success with his son Sayri Tupaq who was persuaded by his political environment in Cusco (faithful to the Spanish Crown) to agree with the royal authority. He traveled to Lima and met with the Viceroy who gave him some privileges and assigned him lands in the current districts of Yucay, Urubamba, Maras and Chinchero. Apparently satisfied, he built a palace made of "adobe" in Yucay, but he died in 1560, perhaps the "quechuas" who did not agree with the invaders poisoned him.

After Sayri Tupaq's death, his brother Titu Kusi Yupanki assumed the power. The new Inca also occupied Vilcabamba, admitted the political and religious committees from Cusco and Lima to reach an agreement with the viceroy. In 1568, he was baptized in state of grace but after a short time he died from a disease.

Tupaq Amaru, his brother, despite his youth, had a warrior spirit and succeeded to the Tassel, in other words, he became the following Inca.
The conquerors saw him as a potential enemy. That is why the viceroy asked for the Inca's capture and sent an army made up of around 300 soldiers headed by Martín Hurtado de Arbieto and Captain Martín García Oñaz de Loyola. However, when they arrived in Vilcabamba, the Inca and his family had gone into the forest depths.

Finally, the last "quechua" monarch was captured and taken to Cusco together with his followers by García Oñaz de Loyola, who afterwards got married to Beatriz Coya, Tupaq Amaru's niece and heiress to the Marquesado de Oropesa. After a fast trail, he was sentenced to prison and as a consequence he was decapitated in the Square of the great city before the cold look of Viceroy Toledo on September 24, 1572. His remains were kept in the Santo Domingo Church. So, the last man belonging to the Inca dynasty was murdered after 36 years of war to recover his Quechua nation.



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