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THE CONQUEST

CUSCO


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SPANISH VERSION
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THE CONQUEST


The frequently asked question is how 150 or 180 Spaniards could conquer so easily the Inca civilization, which had between 12 and 16 million people. The truth is that this did not occur due to the Spaniards' physical power or privileged wisdom, but simply thanks to a bloody civil war among the Incas when they arrived.

By that time the legitimate monarch was Tupac Kusi Wallpaq, known as Huáscar. He had a brother called Atahuallpa or Atahualpa, who leaded a revolution and defeated Huáscar in combat. He took the power. Within this historic framework, the Spaniards went into Cajamarca on November 1532 and captured Atahualpa who was resting after having defeated Huáscar.
 
 
Historical Information Introduction
History of Cusco
Tahuantinsuyo
  - Incan Society
  - Background:
      * The Conquest
      * The Rebellion
        of Manco Inca

      * The XVIII
        Century
Incan Architecture
      * Stone
      * Adobe
Planification
Inca City Description
The Incan Center
On November 15, 1532, a hundred and twenty Spaniards, armed with horses and cannons, achieved to put an end to the Tahuantinsuyo. That day the Inca Atahualpa fell in an ambush in the Cajamarca Square and was arrested by the Spaniards.

From its captivity, Atahualpa ordered to kill his brother, who was kept as a prisoner. When the Spaniards knew about these events, they blamed Atahualpa on fratricide and sentenced him to death of penalty. The semi god was ill treated before the crowd at the same time the sacred "mascapaicha" fell to the ground.

When he died, between June 8 and July 29, 1533, the Tahuantinsuyo political cohesion had already been destroyed.

After the execution, the Spaniards came back to Cusco where they thought they would be welcome since they had killed Atahualpa, who murdered Huáscar, Inca recognized as such in Cusco. They were not only welcome, but also considered as gods because they were different.
They had white skin, they carried firearms, they had strange animals, the horses and they even thought the horse and the Spaniards were just one being who had the ability to divide in two.

They also believed they were deities because there was an old myth telling that the Incas gods had to arrive in crafts to Tahuantinsuyo with a human being's appearance and by water, that is, sailing, exactly as the Spaniards did. For all these reasons they accepted them and welcomed them to the Capital. Its inhabitants showed them everything they had, their palaces, temples, towns and cities, but they didn't tell anything about Machu Picchu.



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