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Pucamarca
This is the name assigned for the great block that comprises the streets Maruri, Pampa del Castillo, Plazoleta de Santo Domingo and Romeritos. Due to its size, Garcilaso called it "barrio grandísimo" (enormous block); during the Inca stage it could have been composed by three enlarged blocks with a greater axis parallel to the Plazoleta. Pucamarca was part of the religious infrastructure of the city. The first block, in front of Coricancha, encompassed Cusicancha, at the intersection of Santo Domingo and Romeritos.

It is said that it is the place where Inca Yupanqui Pachacútec was born. The members of the Incas's "panaca", the family ayllu of said Inca, also offered sacrifices there. At the west of that house there was a small building called Illanguarque, where, according to the chronicler Cobo, people paid a tribute to Pachacútec's weapons.
 
 
Historical Information Introduction
History of Cusco
Tahuantinsuyo
  - Incan Society
  - Background:
      * The Conquest
      * The Rebellion
        of Manco Inca

      * The XVIII
        Century
Incan Architecture
      * Stone
      * Adobe
Planification
Inca City Description
The Incan Center
At the west side, in front of the Small Square of Santo Domingo, was Morourco, a name that can also be amaru urco, "male snake", which was the house in where they kept the long rope, strap, intertwined in four colors: black, white, red and tawny, with a big tassel of thick wool and colored at the end. According to Cristóbal de Molina, some dancers took it, while they sang and danced, to the central square so as to dance with it and leave it coiled on the floor as a snail. That dance was called Yanayra and it was part of the Cápac Raymi festivities, which celebrated the summer solstice.


The Acllahuasi
The house of the acllas or selected ñustas was a large plot that began at Calle del Triunfo, in front of the Cathedral, and ended at Maruri street. It was about 220 meters long, in a north-south direction, and 50 meters width.

Some houses maintained the Incan trapezoidal lintel, over which the new resident embedded his noble shields, simple classic columns and fleurons of a plateresque style. The hall does not have a central and symmetric position as it does in Lima, but it is placed at one side or even in the corner. This makes it impossible to see the house's inside from the street door. Once the visitor has passed the hall, it is possible to discover the typical Renaissance yards with half-point arcades supported by stone columns in both floors. This structure is similar to that observed in the conventual's cloisters, although the domestic architecture alternates two or three arcades with halls or high galleries of carved wood. The staircases, with stone steps, used to be made of box and were placed in one of the yard angles and sometimes they had in-relief ornamentation or sculptured figures, such as the lion of the Admiral.

The exquisite hewing of stones of Loreto street or Callejón del Sol is a proof of the building's significance. For example, Intikijllu was the western wall of said building and it is a remarkable civic work. If we observe it very carefully, we would be able to notice that every ashlars is different and, as the courses are superposed, the stones' height decreases. The front part that faced the square is lost and there are only some wall remains in the commercial premises of said front. The east side of the old building is located at Santa Catalina Angosta street and at its extension the Arequipa street. Some commercial premises complete that front and display the remains of the perimetric wall that was cut by modern doors.


Royal Houses
Garcilaso has traced other "royal" residences at the neighborhood of Rímac Pampa. That could have been the location, with San Agustín street as an axis, of the house of Sinchi Roca, next to Lloque Yupanqui's house that faced, at the west side of the street, Mayta Cápac's house. Farther on, behind the Cathedral, we could find Yahuar Huaca's house. The information is not very accurate, but is states that the panacas (royal families) maintained their privileges until 1533, when Cusco was captured, and that they kept their position in the noble sector of the city, which reached to Tulumayo and Pumacurco streets. To the east of that line, the space was destined to minor dignitaries.



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