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IMAGERY:
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IMAGERY:

CARVING OF SACRED IMAGES


The Imagery of Cusco is by far the most notable activity performed by the Artisans in Cusco. Their work has passed borders. They use wood, maguey, plaster, sticker cloth and techniques past from generations to generations during many centuries. The artists from Cusco model virgins, saints, Christ, angels, Manuelitos children and Magic Kings to satisfy demands of the devotees from the country and the city as well as national and international visitors.
 
 
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Dolls from Cusco
Maximiliana Palomino and her husband don Enrique Sierra have innovated the techniques of the carving art to make what they call dolls but in fact they are small sculptures representing diverse human types of the region of Cusco. Their technique consists on preparing a sort of manikin made of gloss carton with their own pressing machines. Then it is covered with a paste prepared with wheat flour, plaster and glue to model the body and mainly the face. It is important to emphasize that every doll done by doņa Maximiliana is a unique piece as she refused to use models to produce in series.


Manuelitos Children
The Follanas are another important dynasty of carving art in Cusco. Emilio Follana was the patriarch of the Artisans in Cusco until he passed away in 1999. Some of his Manuelitos children were unique as they have mobile arms and legs thanks to a complex system of fires and light wood. The art of don Emilio is now continued by his grandchildren Oscar Ravelo Follana and Jaime Gil Follana who have introduced some innovations into the production of these religious images.


Angels of Cusco
In Cusco, the Madonnas show pink cheeks like andean women, the angels are dressing golden clothes and have hats like in the Flandes style. In some churches and temples we find old and majestous canvases decorating the naves of some churches and temples showing us the presence of some iconography that was not part of a style exclusively european. These are the paintings of the Academy of Cusco. That unique sample of cultural merge in which the evangelizing Spanish vocation as well as the reaction, pagan but at the same time religious , of the indian artists mix.

At the end of XVII century, one of them, Diego Quispe Tito, without question the most important representative of this style, developed a piece that would be the first expression of a local plastic and would also mean a real division between Spanish and Andean painters.

In his work we can admire some of the most important characteristics of the Academy: the refined outline, the strong influence of Flemish carvings and the abundance of decorative elements in the clothes. Thus, the classic and deeply religious mystic is shown in the series of archangels, virgins and saints that, as they used to have in the American viceroy ship painting, have their origin in the necessity of the Hispanic conquerors to capture the imagination of the ancient people from Cusco who developed an amazing and touching iconography.

Today, as it is naturally related to the foundation of churches and monasteries, we can admire the art of the Academy of Cusco in temples such as Santo Domingo built over the remains of the Koricancha, the Sun temple or the Cathedral of Cusco. After centuries, the tradition of painters from Cusco have passed from generation to generation, from teachers to students, from parents to children, to charm the modern visitor because of its amazing and touching iconography.


CONOPAS OR ILLAS
An especial example of objects representing the artistic value with magic features is the Conopas or illas. They are little figure carved in stone, generally with the shape of an alpaca with a hole at the back or the shape of a farm that in one side has some alpacas and sheep lining up.



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